Cover photo for Emergency Relief Program

Emergency Relief Program (ERP)

Farm Service Agency

Closed July 14, 2023


ERP covers losses to crops, trees, bushes and vines due to a qualifying natural disaster event in calendar years 2020 and 2021. For impacted producers, FSA will be administering emergency relief to row crop and specialty crop producers through the following two-phased process:

  • Phase 1 will leverage existing Federal Crop Insurance or Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) data as the basis for calculating initial payments.

  • Phase 2 will be intended to fill additional assistance gaps and cover eligible producers who did not participate in existing risk management programs.

This two-phased approach enables USDA to streamline the application process to reduce the burden on producers, proactively include underserved producers who have been left out of past relief efforts and encourage participation in existing risk management tools that can help producers handle future extreme weather events.


Eligibility

ERP Phase 2

ERP covers losses to crops, trees, bushes and vines due to a qualifying natural disaster event in calendar years 2020 and 2021. Eligible crops include all crops for which federal crop insurance or NAP coverage was available except for crops intended for grazing. Qualifying natural disaster events include wildfires, hurricanes, floods, derechos, excessive heat, winter storms, freeze (including a polar vortex), smoke exposure, excessive moisture, qualifying drought, and related conditions.

For ERP eligibility, “related conditions” are damaging weather and adverse natural occurrences that occurred concurrently with and as a direct result of a specified qualifying disaster event. They include:

  • Excessive wind that occurred as a direct result of a derecho;

  • Silt and debris that occurred as a direct result of flooding;

  • Excessive wind, storm surges, tornados, tropical storms, and tropical depressions that occurred as a direct result of a hurricane; and

  • Excessive wind and blizzards that occurred as a direct result of a winter storm.

For drought, ERP assistance is available if any area within the county in which the loss occurred was rated by the U.S. Drought Monitor as having a D2 (severe drought) for eight consecutive weeks or D3 (extreme drought) or higher level of drought intensity.

2020 drought counties eligible for ERP

2021 drought counties eligible for ERP

ERP Phase 1 (Now closed)

Eligible crops include all crops for which federal crop insurance or NAP coverage was available and a crop insurance indemnity or NAP payment was received, except for crops intended for grazing. Qualifying natural disaster events include wildfires, hurricanes, floods, derechos, excessive heat, winter storms, freeze (including a polar vortex), smoke exposure, excessive moisture, qualifying drought, and related conditions.

For ERP eligibility, “related conditions” are damaging weather and adverse natural occurrences that occurred concurrently with and as a direct result of a specified qualifying disaster event. They include:

  • Excessive wind that occurred as a direct result of a derecho;

  • Silt and debris that occurred as a direct result of flooding;

  • Excessive wind, storm surges, tornados, tropical storms, and tropical depressions that occurred as a direct result of a hurricane; and

  • Excessive wind and blizzards that occurred as a direct result of a winter storm.

  • For drought, ERP assistance is available if any area within the county in which the loss occurred was rated by the U.S. Drought Monitor as having a drought intensity of:

    • D2 (severe drought) for eight consecutive weeks; or

    • D3 (extreme drought) or higher level of drought intensity.


Terms

All producers who receive ERP Phase 2 payments must purchase crop insurance, or NAP coverage where crop insurance is not available, in the next two available crop years as determined by the Secretary. Purchased coverage must be at 60/100 level of coverage or higher for insured crops, or at the catastrophic coverage level or higher for NAP crops.


Application Instructions

Contact your local FSA service center to get submit your application.

Support


Resources



Details

Release Date

January 23, 2023

Deadline

July 14, 2023

Financial Instrument

Grant


Updated December 21, 2023

Image Credit: kelly Sikkema

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